Yoga is the Sanskrit word for union.
Patanjali was a pioneer of classical yoga. He defined yoga as “the cessation of the modification of the mind”. (stopping changing the mind).
A person doing yoga will move from one posture (called asana) to another. For example, the “sun–salutation” contains 12 poses of asanas, one after the other, and is said to help balance body and soul. The “sun-salutation” is popularly known as “Suryanamaskar”.
- Yama: Positive Rules of meditations
- Niyama: Prohibitory Rules of meditations
- Asanas: physical postures and movements
- Pranayama: Breathing techniques
- Pratyahara: Controlling the mind
- Dharana: Gazing inward
- Dhyana: Meditation with object
- Samadhi: Meditation without object
- Classification based on mind and body.
- Rajayoga: Emphasizes the most on exercise
- Hathayoga: Emphasizes the most on exercise of physical body.
- Classification based on way of spiritual life.
- Gyanyoga: It is a way of knowledge.
- Karmayoga: It is a way of work.
- Bhaktiyoga: It is a way of worship.
- Classification based on a way of other things.
- Swaryoga: Emphasizes the most on breathing.
- Kriyayoga: Emphasizes the most on blending Karmayoga (Tapa), Gyanyoga (Swadhyay) and Bhaktiyoga (Ishwar Pranidhan).’
In the video below, Adriene welcomes all levels – complete and total beginners to start here! Hop on the mat and start to build the foundation of your own yoga practice with this 20 minute home workout video! Enjoy, stay mindful and find what feels good.
Flood, Gavin D. 1996. An introduction to Hinduism. Cambridge University Press, p94.
↑ Possehl, Gregory 2003. The Indus Civilization: a contemporary perspective. AltaMira Press, 144/5. ISBN 978-0-7591-0172-2
↑ Around the Indus in 90 Slides by Jonathan Mark Kenoyer
↑ Werner, Karel 1998. Yoga and Indian philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 81-208-1609-9 
↑ “Ushtrasana”. Yoga Point. Yoga Vidya Gurukul. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.